To respond to the needs of municipalities and community-level organizations to get a clear picture of unemployment resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic response, Statistics Canada is making Employment Insurance Statistics available at the Census Subdivision level. Starting February 2021, the Community Data Program should be receiving CSD-level EIS updates on a monthly basis.
The file package contains CSD-level data for January 2000 to March 2023, and CD-level data for January 2000 to February 2021
Please note that the February 2023 and March 2023 data in the CSD file are preliminary results. February 2022 results will be finalized when we receive the April 2023 data.
Statistics Canada's Guide to Employment Insurance Statistics (EIS) is available here.
The CDP team is also looking into acquiring data on uptake of the Canadian Emergency Response Benefit (CERB). Summary information on CERB applications at the national and provincial level can be found at this link: Canada Emergency Response Benefit statistics
Due to the relatively poor quality of the coverage for some CSDs (mostly in rural areas and low population areas), EIS data at the CSD level should be used with caution.
Estimates by census subdivision (CSD) provide an approximate picture of the local area and should be used with caution, in particular in smaller areas. The methodology assigns beneficiaries to a CSD based on their postal code. A postal code that crosses CSDs is associated to the CSD for which the postal code has the most population. In some cases, no postal code is associated to a CSD because no postal code is dominant and the count of beneficiaries shown is zero. This does not mean there are no beneficiaries in that area, but rather illustrates the limits of this methodology.
Also note that the number of EI recipients is currently higher than was the case before the COVID-19 pandemic. As the number of beneficiairies decrease, it is possible that the data for some CSDs, which are currently publishable, will not be publishable in the future.
Regular benefits are paid to claimants who have temporarily or permanently lost their job. In order to be eligible for regular employment insurance benefits, individuals must have lost their jobs through no fault of their own (for example, due to shortage of work, seasonal layoffs, etc.) and are available for and able to work. Regular EI benefits includes people who receive regular income benefits whether or not they participate in one of three employment benefit programs, namely Skills Development Program, Job Creation Partnerships Program and Self-employment Program.
Other employment insurance benefits include fishing benefits, work-sharing benefits, sickness, parental and caregiver benefits. These are included in the "All types of benefits" variable.
These data are not seasonally adjusted.