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Note that the dissemination area (DA) level tables for this target group profile contain only a subset of the full TGP covering the total immigrant and recent immigrant populations.

Target group profiles (TGP) provide Census Profile variables for a subset, or target group, of the population. This TGP crosses Profile variables by Immigrant and Citizenship status and contains the following categories:

Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration
    2016 to 2021
    2011 to 2015
    2001 to 2010
    1991 to 2000
    1981 to 1990
    1980 or earlier
  Non-permanent residents
Total - Citizenship

Immigrant refers to a person who is, or who has ever been, a landed immigrant or permanent resident. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group.

In the 2021 Census of Population, 'Immigrant' includes immigrants who were admitted to Canada on or prior to May 11, 2021.

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country with a usual place of residence in Canada and who has a work or study permit or who has claimed refugee status (asylum claimant).

Family members living with work or study permit holders are also included, unless these family members are already Canadian citizens or landed immigrants or permanent residents.


For more information on the immigration and citizenship status variables, including information on their classification, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2021.

Target group profiles (TGPs) provide data for a specific group of persons (a "target group"). All variables in the Target Group Profile are ‘person-level’ variables: their age, their gender, their family status (e.g., are they in a census family), the languages they speak, and so on.  Because TGPs deal with the universe of persons, they do not contain any family- or household-specific variables. For example, the average family size, household income or renter/owner status are variables that do not relate to a person, but to a family or household, and so they are not included in TGPs.

25% vs 100% samples – Comparing values with publicly accessible data
The 2021 short form Census questionnaire was sent out to 100% of all households. The 2021 long form Census questionnaire was sent out to 25% of all households. Target Group Profiles are produced using the 25% sample. Variables that are available in both the 25% sample and the 100% sample will have different values depending on the source of the data.  For example, the total population of a city taken from the 25% sample (a Target Group Profile) will differ from that taken from the 100% sample (the online Census Profile).

Years within data
File format
File Size
196.9 MB
StatCan Type
Date released
Full title
Target group profile of the population by immigration and citizenship status, Census, 2021