Skip to main content
Plain language definition
'Year of immigration' refers to the year in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

'Immigrant status' refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.
Detailed definition
'Immigrants' includes persons who are, or who have ever been landed immigrants or permanent residents and have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities or by naturalization. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

Please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 for more information.

Values (English)
Total - Period of immigration
1990 or earlier
1991 to 2000
2001 to 2010
2001 to 2005
2006 to 2010
2011 to 2016
2011 to 2012
2013 to 2014
2015 to 2016
Non-permanent residents